Germination Guide

Click on a species name below to see it's germination tips.
Search for a genus or species by entering specific words or parts of words.
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Freesia laxa 'Joan Evans'

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Freesia laxa ssp. azurea

*

This species needs special care as described.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
sow seed in January, may bloom in 6 - 18 months
Freesia sp.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
sow seed in January, may bloom in 6 - 18 months
Fremontodendron californicum

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

7

Requires soaking. Place in warm water until seeds swell, usually 24-48 hours. Discard floaters and the water used for soaking. See https://youtu.be/dhL57pqnHHQ
Fritillaria meleagris ssp. meleagris

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria caucasica

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria acmopetala

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

G

Sow @ 4°C for 3 months, then place @ 20°C for 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
germination unlikely after dry storage > 6 months; grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria affinis

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

F

Sow @ 4°C.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

sow in autumn in 1/2 seed mix, 1/2 grit, - do not prick out as they will die; leave for 2 years in pot in which they were sown; plunge pot in sand bed after germination
Fritillaria bithynica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria bucharica

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
very prolonged germination - 27 months
Fritillaria camschatcensis

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria cirrhosa

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria collina

J

Sow @4°C for 3 weeks, then place @20°C.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria crassifolia ssp. kurdica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria eduardii

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria forbesii

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria graeca

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria graeca ssp. thessala

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria imperialis

H

Use repeated cycles of 4°C, then 20°C for 3 months each. Germination is very prolonged.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria imperialis 'Aureomarginata'

H

Use repeated cycles of 4°C, then 20°C for 3 months each. Germination is very prolonged.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria imperialis 'Aurora'

H

Use repeated cycles of 4°C, then 20°C for 3 months each. Germination is very prolonged.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria imperialis 'Lutea'

H

Use repeated cycles of 4°C, then 20°C for 3 months each. Germination is very prolonged.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria korolkowia

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria kurdica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria lusitanica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria meleagris

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years; germination unlikely after dry storage > 6 months
Fritillaria meleagris 'Alba'

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

D

Use repeated cycles of 20°C, then 4°C for 3 months each. Germination is very prolonged.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years; germination unlikely after dry storage > 6 months
Fritillaria messanensis

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria michailovskyi

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria montana

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria nervosa

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria nigra

F

Sow @ 4°C.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria orientalis

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria pallida

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria pallidiflora

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria persica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria persica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature, leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria pontica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria pyrenaica

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria raddeana

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria ruthenica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria sewerzowii

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
germinates poorly and erratically: grow seedlings at cool temperature, leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria sp.

F

Sow @ 4°C.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow cool, leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria stenanthera

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria tenella

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria thunbergii

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature; leave in pot for 2 years
Fritillaria walujewii

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

7

Requires soaking. Place in warm water until seeds swell, usually 24-48 hours. Discard floaters and the water used for soaking. See https://youtu.be/dhL57pqnHHQ

L

Expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

Fuchsia x bacillaris

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Fumana aciphylla

K

Sow @ 10°C. Most species for which we suggest this temperature will also germinate at 20°C, but prefer the cooler temperature for sturdy growth.
Fumana procumbens

E

Sow @ 20°C for 6 weeks, then place @ 4°C for 6 weeks, then slowly raise temperature to 10°C for 6 weeks. If there is no germination, repeat the cycle. This mimics fall sowing outdoors for spring germination.
Fumaria officinalis

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
poor germination even when fresh