Germination Guide

Click on a species name below to see it's germination tips.
Search for a genus or species by entering specific words or parts of words.
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Tulbaghia sp.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Tulbaghia 'Alba'

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Tulbaghia fragrans

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Tulbaghia simmleri

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Tulbaghia violacea

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Tulipa biebersteiniana

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

Tulipa 'Addis'

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa 'Ancilla'

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa 'Fashion'

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa 'Giuseppe Verdi'

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa 'Heart's Delight'

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa 'Little Beauty'

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa 'Plaisir'

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa 'Sweet Lady'

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa Batalinii Group

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa biflora

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa clusiana

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa clusiana 'Cynthia'

C

Sow @ 20°C for 3 months, then place @ 4°C for 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa clusiana 'Lady Jane'

C

Sow @ 20°C for 3 months, then place @ 4°C for 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa clusiana v. chrysantha

C

Sow @ 20°C for 3 months, then place @ 4°C for 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa dasystemon

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa greigii

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa humilis v. pulchella

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa kaufmanniana

D

Use repeated cycles of 20°C, then 4°C for 3 months each. Germination is very prolonged.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa kolpakowskiana

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa neustruevae

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa polychroma

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa pulchella

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa saxatilis

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa saxatilis (Bakeri Group)

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa sp.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa sprengeri

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa sylvestris

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa tarda

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa turkestanica

C

Sow @ 20°C for 3 months, then place @ 4°C for 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tulipa urumiensis

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

grow seedlings at cool temperature - best achieved by sowing in open ground
Tunica saxifraga

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Turritis glabra

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Turritis glabra

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Tweedia coerulea

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Typha minima

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
bog plant; stand pot in 3 cm water
Umbilicus platyphyllus

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Umbilicus rupestris

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Uvularia grandiflora

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

*

This species needs special care as described.
problem getting leaves to develop; germination is hypogeal
Uvularia perfoliata x grandiflora

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

Vaccinium macrocarpon

E

Sow @ 20°C for 6 weeks, then place @ 4°C for 6 weeks, then slowly raise temperature to 10°C for 6 weeks. If there is no germination, repeat the cycle. This mimics fall sowing outdoors for spring germination.
Vaccinium sp.

G

Sow @ 4°C for 3 months, then place @ 20°C for 3 months.
chill 3 months
Vaccinium uliginosum ssp. microphyllum

G

Sow @ 4°C for 3 months, then place @ 20°C for 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

4

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Valeriana gibbosa

?

We have incomplete information on the germination of this species. Sometimes we offer an educated guess about which approach you could try. Let us know what is successful.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Valeriana montana

J

Sow @4°C for 3 weeks, then place @20°C.
BotanyCa comments: most probably warm germinator; switch to cold if it doesn’t germinate after a few weeks
Valeriana officinalis

G

Sow @ 4°C for 3 months, then place @ 20°C for 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Valeriana pyrenaica

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Vella spinosa

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Veltheimia sp.

2

Requires darkness.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Veltheimia bracteata

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

2

Requires darkness.
Venidium 'Zulu Prince'

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Venidium fastuosum

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Venidium sp.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Veratrum album

7

Requires soaking. Place in warm water until seeds swell, usually 24-48 hours. Discard floaters and the water used for soaking. See https://youtu.be/dhL57pqnHHQ

*

This species needs special care as described.
20°C x 4 weeks, then -7°C x 6 weeks, then 10°C, seed very poisonous, wash hands after handling