Germination Guide

Click on a species name below to see it's germination tips.
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Anemone magellanica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone multifida

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone multifida 'Annabella Deep Rose' (Annabella Series)'

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone multifida 'Major'

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone multifida 'Rubra'

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone multifida v. globosa

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone narcissiflora

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone narcissiflora ssp. biarmiensis

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone nemorosa

*

This species needs special care as described.

E

Sow @ 20°C for 6 weeks, then place @ 4°C for 6 weeks, then slowly raise temperature to 10°C for 6 weeks. If there is no germination, repeat the cycle. This mimics fall sowing outdoors for spring germination.
hydrophilic, sow as soon as seed is ripe; ; will not germinate if seed has dried; if stored, must be put in plastic bag with barely damp vermiculite;Keep them warm during summer, coolish towards the fall and then 4⁰C at the onset of winter. Do not store them in the freezer because the formation of ice crystals will damage cell membranes; see http://botanicallyinclined.org/lost-in-translation-updates-on-germination-requirements/
Anemone obtusiloba

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
highly intolerant of dry storage
Anemone palmata

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone parviflora

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone patens

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

J

Sow @4°C for 3 weeks, then place @20°C.
Anemone patens v. wolfgangiana

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

J

Sow @4°C for 3 weeks, then place @20°C.
Anemone pavonina

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone pseudoaltaica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone pulsatilla

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

G

Sow @ 4°C for 3 months, then place @ 20°C for 3 months.

9

At one time, we advised "Tails may inhibit germination. Remove them." The advice applied primarily to pulsatillas and clematises. Our most recent data indicates that leaving the tails on has no effect on germination.
Anemone ranunculoides

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

D

Use repeated cycles of 20°C, then 4°C for 3 months each. Germination is very prolonged.
radicle develops at 4°C, leaf at 20°C
Anemone riparia

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

G

Sow @ 4°C for 3 months, then place @ 20°C for 3 months.
Anemone rivularis

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

J

Sow @4°C for 3 weeks, then place @20°C.
Anemone rupicola

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone sp.

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone sylvestris

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone sylvestris 'Grandiflora'

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemone transsilvanica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

Anemone trifolia

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
highly intolerant of dry storage
Anemone trullifolia 'Lutea'

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

Anemone tschernaewii

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

B

Sow @ 20°C. If seed does not germinate within 3 months, try 4°C for 1-2 months, then 20°C again.
Anemone tuberosa

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

C

Sow @ 20°C for 3 months, then place @ 4°C for 3 months.
seedlings go dormant mid summer, need little water
Anemone virginiana

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

B

Sow @ 20°C. If seed does not germinate within 3 months, try 4°C for 1-2 months, then 20°C again.
Anemone x hybrida 'Honorine Jobert'

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

B

Sow @ 20°C. If seed does not germinate within 3 months, try 4°C for 1-2 months, then 20°C again.
store seeds moist @ 4°C; sow when ripe
Anemone x lesseri

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anemonella thalictroides

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

G

Sow @ 4°C for 3 months, then place @ 20°C for 3 months.

2

Requires darkness.
dry storage > 6 months is fatal; poor germinator
Anemonopsis macrophylla

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
hydrophilic, sow as soon as seed is ripe; ; will not germinate if seed has dried; if stored, must be put in plastic bag with barely damp vermiculite; keep them warm during summer, coolish towards the fall and then 4⁰C at the onset of winter. Do not store them in the freezer because the formation of ice crystals will damage cell membranes
Anemopsis californica

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

*

This species needs special care as described.
stand pot in 3 cm water
Anethum graveolens

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

N

Sow directly in garden.
Angelica sachalinensis

?

We have incomplete information on the germination of this species. Sometimes we offer an educated guess about which approach you could try. Let us know what is successful.

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

C

Sow @ 20°C for 3 months, then place @ 4°C for 3 months.
Angelica sinensis

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Angelica sylvestris

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Angelica amurensis

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Angelica archangelica

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Angelica archangelica ssp. litoralis

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Angelica arguta

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

7

Requires soaking. Place in warm water until seeds swell, usually 24-48 hours. Discard floaters and the water used for soaking. See https://youtu.be/dhL57pqnHHQ
Angelica dahurica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Angelica gigas

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Angelica grayi

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Angelica hispanica

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

*

This species needs special care as described.

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

very slow to germinate, keep pots at least 1 year
Angelica keiskei

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

7

Requires soaking. Place in warm water until seeds swell, usually 24-48 hours. Discard floaters and the water used for soaking. See https://youtu.be/dhL57pqnHHQ

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Angelica pachycarpa

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Angelica sp.

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

C

Sow @ 20°C for 3 months, then place @ 4°C for 3 months.
Angelica sylvestris 'Vicar's Mead'

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Angelica ursina

!

Sow immediately. The viability of these seeds is short or the species propagates best with fresh seed. Stored seed might be coaxed into germination with temperature cycling and patience.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...
Angelonia angustifolia

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
seed collecting not advised
Anigozanthos manglesii

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Anomatheca laxa

K

Sow @ 10°C. Most species for which we suggest this temperature will also germinate at 20°C, but prefer the cooler temperature for sturdy growth.
sow seed in spring
Anomatheca laxa v. alba

K

Sow @ 10°C. Most species for which we suggest this temperature will also germinate at 20°C, but prefer the cooler temperature for sturdy growth.
sow seed in spring
Anomatheca sp.

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.
Antennaria dioica 'Minima'

F

Sow @ 4°C.
Antennaria media

3

Requires light or the small seeds should be surface sown. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgkXUSI1GWo&index=1&list=UUJfYCNSWCIuOB2...

L

Give sown seeds several weeks @ 20°C to imbibe water (perhaps even germinate!), then expose to fluctuating outdoor winter temperatures including freezing for 3 months. Gradually increase light and temperature in spring. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SO_KKbGYTEM

Antennaria solitaria

A

Sow @ 20°C. Seed germinates within 3 months.